The facial feedback hypothesis
The facial feedback hypothesis states that facial movement can influence emotional experience. For example, an individual who is forced to smile during a social event will actually come to find the event unlikely enjoyable. Charles Darwin was among the first to suggest that physiological changes caused by an emotion had a direct impact on , rather than being just the consequence of that emotion. He wrote:.
Facial feedback hypothesis
What Is The Facial-Feedback Hypothesis, & Does It Work? | Betterhelp
A coordinated replication effort conducted across 17 labs found no evidence that surreptitiously inducing people to smile or frown affects their emotional state. Participants who held a pen between their teeth, inducing a smile, rated cartoons as funnier than did those who held a pen between their lips, inducing a frown. The study is cited frequently in the scientific literature and in introductory psychology courses and textbooks. Although other studies have tested the facial feedback hypothesis using different methods, this influential study had not been directly replicated with the same design and outcome measure. This RRR paper describes a rigorous, multilab replication of that study, with each lab following a vetted protocol that was registered online prior to data collection. The aim was to replicate the original study as closely as possible, but the RRR differed in several ways from the original.
Effect of Facial Expression on Emotional State Not Replicated in Multilab Study
Emotions are a very basic part of the human experience, and expressing those emotions appropriately is a part of good mental health. We can show our emotions in many ways, but the quickest and most common way is through facial expressions. As it turns out, facial expressions may do more than showing others how we feel. Scientists have proposed the facial feedback hypothesis, suggesting that changing our facial expressions can also change our emotions.
The facial-feedback hypothesis states that the contractions of the facial muscles may not only communicate what a person feels to others but also to the person him- or herself. In other words, facial expressions are believed to have a direct influence on the experience of affect. This hypothesis goes back to Charles Darwin, who wrote that the expression of an emotion intensifies it, whereas its repression softens it. Although Darwin and James differ in their view of the role of the eliciting stimulus, they agree that the behavior that accompanies an emotion exerts a causal influence on its experience. In particular, the skeletal muscles were identified as important contributors.