Measles threat to adult health
Measles is a highly contagious, serious disease caused by a virus. Before the introduction of measles vaccine in and widespread vaccination, major epidemics occurred approximately every 2—3 years and measles caused an estimated 2. Measles is caused by a virus in the paramyxovirus family and it is normally passed through direct contact and through the air. The virus infects the respiratory tract, then spreads throughout the body. Measles is a human disease and is not known to occur in animals. Accelerated immunization activities have had a major impact on reducing measles deaths.
U.S. measles outbreak raises questions about immunity in adults
U.S. measles outbreak raises questions about immunity in adults - Reuters
What is measles? Measles is a highly contagious virus found throughout the world. The US has been experiencing an increase in measles cases related to international travel. Symptoms Symptoms of measles include high fever, generalized rash, runny nose, pink, watery eyes, coughing, diarrhea, and earache.
Facts About Measles for Adults
The recent measles outbreak in the Pacific Northwest has sent demand for the vaccine surging. The surge in vaccinations is happening around the Clark County, Washington, area after more than 50 people contracted the measles in an outbreak that began a few weeks ago. The area is known for lower than average vaccination rates in children. But the outbreak may be changing some of that. More than six times as many people were vaccinated for measles from January 13 to February 2 compared to the same period last year, a spokesperson for Washington State Department of Health told Time.
In late September , the Americas became the first region in the world to have eliminated endemic transmission of measles virus. Several other countries have also verified measles elimination, and countries in all six World Health Organization regions have adopted measles elimination goals. The public health strategies used to respond to measles outbreaks in elimination settings are thus becoming relevant to more countries. This review highlights the strategies used to limit measles spread in elimination settings: 1 assembly of an outbreak control committee; 2 isolation of measles cases while infectious; 3 exclusion and quarantining of individuals without evidence of immunity; 4 vaccination of susceptible individuals; 5 use of immunoglobulin to prevent measles in exposed susceptible high-risk persons; 6 and maintaining laboratory proficiency for confirmation of measles.